Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune Diseases

Jul 25, 2023Sanguina Inc

Autoimmune diseases can be overwhelming and confusing. They are complex, chronic and often debilitating. Our body’s natural defense system is designed to protect us from infectious diseases, but sometimes it targets its own healthy cells and tissues. This results in a wide range of autoimmune diseases. 

According to the American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, there are over 100 types of autoimmune diseases, which affect around 50 million Americans. In this blog post, we will discuss some of the most common autoimmune diseases, their symptoms, and treatment methods.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints and causes swelling, stiffness, and pain. It is a chronic inflammatory disease that can lead to permanent joint damage. Other symptoms include fatigue, fever, and weight loss. The exact cause of RA is unknown, but it can be treated with medication and physical therapy. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to manage the symptoms and prevent joint damage.

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, commonly known as lupus, is an autoimmune disease that affects different parts of the body, including skin, joints, kidneys, and blood vessels. Symptoms vary widely, but some of the most common ones are fatigue, joint pain, and skin rash. There is no cure for lupus, but with proper treatment, most people can manage their symptoms and live a normal life.

  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause numbness, weakness, and tingling in different parts of the body. It can also cause vision problems, balance issues, and cognitive problems. There is no cure for MS, but there are many treatments available that can slow down the disease progression and manage the symptoms.

  • Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic disease that commonly appears as a red, scaly rash that can be itchy and uncomfortable. Some people with psoriasis may only have a few spots, while others may have patches covering their entire body. Fortunately, there are several treatment options available for psoriasis, including topical creams, oral medications, light therapy, and even lifestyle changes such as stress reduction and a healthy diet. 

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the digestive system and causes inflammation in the lining of the intestine. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. There is no cure for IBD, but medication, diet, and surgery can help manage the symptoms.


Autoimmune diseases can be difficult to diagnose because their symptoms can often mimic those of other conditions. However, diagnosing autoimmune diseases early on is critical in order to prevent further damage to the body. 

There are several methods that doctors may use to diagnose autoimmune diseases, including a physical exam, blood tests, imaging tests, and biopsies. It's important to talk to your healthcare provider if you are experiencing any symptoms that could be related to an autoimmune disease, such as joint pain, fatigue, or a skin rash. They can work with you to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms and develop a treatment plan to help manage your condition. Remember, early diagnosis and treatment can make all the difference in managing autoimmune diseases.

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