Understanding Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Understanding Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Jul 03, 2023Sanguina Inc

Inflammation is an essential part of the body's natural healing process. It happens when the body's immune system responds to an injury, infection, or any other trigger that causes damage to the tissues. It is a complex response involving white blood cells, cytokines, and other cells and molecules that work together to eliminate the cause of the injury and restore tissue function. 

However, inflammation can sometimes become chronic and lead to various health problems. In this blog, we will discuss what inflammation is, what causes it, its symptoms, and the treatment options available.


Inflammation can be caused by various factors such as injury, infection, exposure to toxins, autoimmune disorders, and chronic stress. When the body detects any of these triggers, it initiates the inflammatory response to eliminate the cause and repair the damage. For example, when you get a cut, the immune system sends white blood cells, antibodies, and other chemicals to the injury site to attack any invading microbes and start the healing process.


The symptoms of inflammation can vary depending on the severity and the affected part of the body. However, common signs include swelling, redness, warmth, pain, and loss of function. These symptoms can be mild or severe and can occur acutely or chronically. Chronic inflammation is often linked to a range of health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis.


The treatment for inflammation depends on its cause and severity. Mild inflammation usually resolves on its own within a few days or with the help of over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, chronic inflammation may require more aggressive treatment, such as immune system suppressors, TNF blockers, and disease-modifying anti-inflammatory drugs. Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress management can also help reduce inflammation.


Aspirin has long been a popular choice among adults for relieving mild pain, but recent studies1 have shown that daily use of the medication may increase the risk of anemia in the elderly population by up to 20%. With over 40% of adults ages 60 and older using aspirin regularly to prevent blood clots, it's important to stay informed about the possible side effects of this common over-the-counter medication. 

Taking aspirin on a daily basis can be a helpful preventative measure for some, but it's essential to weigh the potential risks and benefits before committing to this course of treatment. As always, consulting with a medical professional can help you make an informed decision about the best pain relief option for you.

Inflammation is a crucial part of our body's immune system that helps us heal from injuries and infections. However, when it becomes chronic, it can lead to several health problems. Understanding the causes and symptoms of inflammation and adopting a healthy lifestyle can help prevent and treat chronic inflammation. It's essential to work closely with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for you. Remember, prevention is better than cure, and taking care of your health is essential in combating chronic inflammation.


  1. Pace WD. Daily Low-Dose Aspirin, Diabetes, and Age—Still Looking for a Balance. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(6):e2112875. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.12875

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